The duality of being both oppressor and oppressed in different places

Contenido principal del artículo

Evelyn Veronica Almeida


The main purpose of this article is to offer a different perspective of an oppressor and an oppressed person and to understand my own reality through my own experience. My reality is that I am a mestizo from Ecuador, and in Ecuador mestizo is the dominant and “preferred” ethnicity. This duality makes me a person with unique characteristics. Characteristics that on occasion make me privileged and a person who commonly oppresses, exploits, and rules others with economic and social force. On the other hand, other situations make me a colonized person who is characterized by being self-depreciated, dependent, and masochist when I am in the position of Latino woman in the United States. I would like to think about myself as a woman who is willing to “develop [my] power to perceive critically the way [I] exist in the world with which and in which [I] find myself” (Freire, 2000, p.12). I would like to see this world as a reality in a process of transformation.



Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.

Detalles del artículo

Cómo citar
Almeida, E. V. (2017). The duality of being both oppressor and oppressed in different places. INNOVA Research Journal, 2(3), 80–90.
Biografía del autor/a

Evelyn Veronica Almeida, Universidad Central del Ecuador, Ecuador

Docente Centro de Idiomas (Universidad Central del Ecuador)

DOcente Carrera de Linguistica Applicada al Idioma Ingles (Universidad de las Fuerzas Armadas ESPE)


Allen, R. L. (2001). The globalization of white supremacy: Toward a critical discourse on the racialization of the world. Educational Theory, 51(4), 467-485.

Belcher, D. D. (2007). Seeking acceptance in an English-only research world. Journal of Second Language Writing, 16(1), 1-22.

Bowles, S., & Gintis, H. (1976). Schooling in capitalist America: Educational reform and the contradictions of economic life (Reprint Ed). Chicago: Haymarket Books.

Blum Martinez, R., & Baker, S. (2010). Preparing Teachers of Bilingual Students. Yearbook of the National Society for the Study of Education, 109(2), 319-350.

Collins, P. H. (2000). Black feminist thought (2nd Ed). New York: Routledge.

Bock, Daniel. (November 2015). Alta cifra de hispanas víctimas de violencia doméstica. El Nuevo Herald. Retrieved from:

Freire, P. (2000). Pedagogy of the oppressed (30th anniversary Ed.). New York: Continuum.

Holliday, A. (2005). The Struggle to teach English as an international language. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Memmi, A. (1991). the colonizer and the colonized (Expanded Ed.) Boston: Beacon Press. (Original work published 1957)

Tatum, B. D. (2003). "Why are all the Black kids sitting together in the cafeteria?" and other conversations about race (Rev. Ed.). New York: Basic Books.

Swales, J. M. (1997). English as "Tyrannosaurus Rex". World Englishes, 16(3), 373-82.